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What is Humulene?

Exploring Humulene: The Aromatic Compound in Cannabis Flowers

Humulene, also known as α-humulene or α-caryophyllene, is a major component in the phytocomplex of the cannabis plant. This compound is responsible for the distinctive scent of cannabis flowers and shows promise in contributing to the plant’s therapeutic properties.

Aroma

Humulene is a terpene that adds to the overall aroma profile of cannabis flowers. Its presence can give off a woody, earthy, and slightly spicy scent that many enthusiasts find appealing.

Also Found In

Besides being present in cannabis, humulene can also be found in other plants such as hops, sage, and ginseng. This terpene is what gives these plants their unique aromatic qualities.

Possible Effects

Early research suggests that humulene may have potential therapeutic effects. Some studies indicate that this terpene could possess anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and appetite-suppressant properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of its benefits.

Supporting Research

As researchers delve deeper into the cannabis plant’s chemical makeup, humulene has emerged as a compound worth investigating. Its presence among the hundreds of chemical constituents found in cannabis resin highlights its significance in the plant’s overall composition.

In conclusion, humulene plays a crucial role in contributing to the aroma and potential therapeutic effects of cannabis. Further research into this terpene could unlock new possibilities in the field of medicinal cannabis use.

Sources

[1] Russo, E. B., & Marcu, J. (2017). Cannabis Pharmacology: The Usual Suspects and a Few Promising Leads. Cannabinoid Pharmacology, 67–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.apha.2017.03.004 [Source]

[2] Fernandes, E. S., Passos, G. F., Medeiros, R., da Cunha, F. M., Ferreira, J., Campos, M. M., Pianowski, L. F., & Calixto, J. B. (2007). Anti-inflammatory effects of compounds alpha-humulene and (−)-trans-caryophyllene isolated from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea. European Journal of Pharmacology, 569(3), 228–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.04.059 [Source]

[3] Rogerio, A. P., Andrade, E. L., Leite, D. F., Figueiredo, C. P., & Calixto, J. B. (2009). Preventive and therapeutic anti-inflammatory properties of the sesquiterpene α-humulene in experimental airways allergic inflammation. British Journal of Pharmacology, 158(4), 1074–1087. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00177.x [Source]

[4] Redza-Dutordoir, M., & Averill-Bates, D. A. (2016). Activation of apoptosis signalling pathways by reactive oxygen species. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular Cell Research, 1863(12), 2977–2992. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2016.09.012 [Source]

[5] Pichette, A., Larouche, P. L., Lebrun, M., & Legault, J. (2006). Composition and antibacterial activity ofAbies balsamea essential oil. Phytotherapy Research, 20(5), 371–373. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1863 [Source]