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What Are Flavonoids?

What Are Flavonoids?

Flavonoids may only account for a tiny share of the phytochemicals inside hemp, but that doesn’t make them any less important. Keep reading to find out what you need to know about these colourful compounds.

What do flavonoids do?

Take a glance down the fruit and veg aisle in your local supermarket, and what’s the first thing that jumps out at you? Most likely, it’s the dazzling array of colours! From red peppers to oranges, onions, blueberries, and grapes, all these fruits and vegetables owe their vibrant colours to one compound in particular—flavonoids! Flavonoids are tiny phytonutrients that exist in the skin and outer layers of fruits, vegetables, and plants. Every colour represents a different flavonoid, and helps attract pollinators, filter UV light, or protect against disease. Fortunately, the protective qualities of flavonoids could extend to more than just plants and food. When people consume flavonoids, researchers have discovered the compounds to display some exciting possibilities as natural antioxidants.

Where do you find flavonoids?

We should be clear; the term ‘flavonoids’ is a general classification for four main groups: flavonoids, isoflavonoids, neoflavonoids, and anthocyanins. However, for the sake of simplicity, flavonoid is the term most commonly used. The only significant distinction you should be aware of is that there is a class of flavonoids exclusive to the Cannabis sativa species—cannflavins. Don’t worry if the thought of remembering over 6,000 flavonoids and four different categories seems daunting. Researchers have only just started looking at each of the groups in isolation. For now, it is more than sufficient to highlight several prominent flavonoids, many of which you will find in household food, drink, and plants.

Sources

[1] Panche, A. N., Diwan, A. D., & Chandra, S. R. (2016). Flavonoids: an overview. NCBI. Published. [Source]